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4.1 Introduction

The die casting engineer encounters many aspects of network flow. For example, the liquid metal flows in the runner is a network flow. The flow of the air and other gases out of the mold through the vent system is also another example network flow. The diagram also requires intimate knowledge of the network flow. However, most die casting engineers/researchers are unfamiliar with fluid mechanics and furthermore have a limited knowledge and understanding of the network flow. Therefore, this chapter is dedicated to describe a brief introduction to a flow in a network. It is assumed that the reader does not have extensive background in fluid mechanics. However, it is assumed that the reader is familiar with the basic concepts such as pressure and force, work, power. More comprehensive coverage can be found in books dedicated to fluid mechanics and pipe flow (network for pipe). First a discussion on the relevancy of the data found for other liquids to the die casting process is presented. Later a simple flow in a straight pipe/conduit is analyzed. Different components which can appear in network are discussed. Lastly, connection of the components in series and parallel are presented.

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Figure: Flow in a pipe with an orifice for different liquids

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